Efemerides / jue 04 dic 2k8 02 decCallas, Maria MeneghiniCallas, Maria Meneghini (märē'ä menegē'nē kä'läs) [key], 1923–77, Greek-American soprano, b. New York City. At 13, Callas moved to Greece, where she studied at the Royal Conservatory in Athens. Her professional debut took place in 1947 at Verona. In 1949, Callas married the Italian industrialist Giovanni Battide Meneghini; they separated in 1959. She first appeared at La Scala (Milan) in 1950, at Covent Garden (London) in 1952, and at the Metropolitan Opera in 1956. Callas is celebrated for her dramatic intensity and versatility. Her acting in Pasolini's film Medea (1970) was widely acclaimed.December 10, 1901First Nobel Prizes awardedThe first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. The ceremony came on the fifth anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor of dynamite and other high explosives. In his will, Nobel directed that the bulk of his vast fortune be placed in a fund in which the interest would be "annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind."1964 10 decDr. Martin Luther King, Jr., received the Nobel Peace Prize.Frank Sinatra1915–1998, American singer, actor.(Francis Albert Sinatra), born in Hoboken, N.J. During the late 1930s and early 1940s he sang with the Harry James and Tommy Dorsey bands, causing teenage girls to shriek and swoon over his romantic, casual renditions of such songs as “I'll Never Smile Again” and “This Love of Mine.” He has also had a long-lived and successful movie career, appearing in such films as On the Town (1949), From HereNostradamus1503–1566, French astrologer and physician.His real name was Michel de Nostredame. He is reputed to have effected remarkable cures during outbreaks of the plague in S France. His rhymed prophecies under the title Centuries (1555) gained him the favor of the French court. Obscure and symbolic, the predictions have been subject to many interpretations.Gustave Eiffel1832–1923, French engineer.A noted constructor of bridges and viaducts, he also designed the Eiffel Tower and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty (see Liberty, Statue of. He was initially chargedLudwig van Beethoven1770–1827, German Composer.He is universally recognized as one of the greatest composers of the Western European music tradition. Beethoven's work crowned the classical period and also effectively initiated the romantic era in music. He is one of the few artists who genuinely may be considered revolutionary.
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