viernes, 31 de octubre de 2008

Point zero, Paris

English: Point zero, Paris - Kilometers of French highways are measured from this point, Place du Parvis (now Place John-Paul II).

Français : Point zero des routes de France devant Notre-Dame, Paris (place du Parvis, devenue place Jean-Paul II).





El Cairo, Egypt from sattelite


Unusual maps

El primer mapa en la historia que menciona el nombre ''AMÉRICA''
''Universalis Cosmographia'' o Mapa de Waldseemüller (1507)

La Biblioteca del Congreso de Estados Unidos adquirió hace unos meses el Mapa de Waldseemüller o Universalis Cosmographia por unos diez millones de dólares. Este mapa es un documento histórico de gran valía entre otras cosas porque se publicó en 1507 y es la primera referencia en un mapa al Nuevo Mundo con la palabra América (en honor al navegante europeo Américo Vespucio) distinguiendo así América y Asia.

El mapa consta de doce grabados en madera y tiene un tamaño de 137×244 cm. En la web de Henry-Davis hay otra versión coloreada y una extensa y detallada explicación: Universalis Cosmographia Secundum Ptholomei Traditionem.

La historia no es tan sólo cuestión de fechas.
Descúbrelo en ''Historia de la Humanidad''

¿Aprender historia y practicar inglés a la vez?

''World History Journal''

¿Sabia UD que las ciudades mas antiguas...

... del mundo se encuentran en Peru, Mesopotamia y Egipto?
Las excavaciones arqueológicas del las dos últimas décadas han confirmado que Perú, Mesopotamia y Egipto construyeron las primeras ciudades del mundo, en el cuarto milenio antes de Cristo.
1. Áspero. Perú. 3,700 a.C. 2. Uruk. Irak. 3,500 a.C.
3. Nejen. Egipto. 3,300 a.C. 4. Caral. Perú. 3,000 a.C.
5. Ur. Irak. 3,000 a.C. 6. Vichama. Perú. 3,000 a.C.
7. Nippur.Irak. 3,000 a.C. 8. Umma. Irak. 3,000 a.C.
9. Lagash. Irak. 3,000 a.C. 10. Kish, Irak. 3,000 a.C.
11. Miraya. Perú. 3,000 a.C. 12. Lurihuasi.Perú. 3,000 a.C.
13. Biblos. Líbano. 2,850 a.C. 14. Menfis. Egipto. 2,850 a.C.
15. Mohenjo Daro. Pakistán. 2,600 a.C.
16. Harappa. Pakistán. 2,600 a.C. 17. Ebla. Siria. 2,500 a.C.
18. Era de Pando. Perú. 2,500 a.C. 19. Erlitou.China. 1,850 a.C.
20. Cnosos. Grecia. 1,800 a.C. 21. Festos. Grecia. 1,800 a.C.
22. Jerusalén. Israel. 1,800 a.C. 23. Sechín Alto. Perú. 1,800 a.C.
24. Moxeque. Perú. 1,800 a.C. 25. Huaca. Perú. 1,700 a.C.
26. Yanshi Shang. Ch. 1,600 a.C. 27. Zhengzhou. Ch. 1,500 a.C.
28. Anyang. China. 1,300 a.C. 29. Nakbé. Guatemala. 1,000 a.C.
30. Atenas. Grecia. 1,000 a.C. 31. Roma. Italia. 753 a.C.
32. El Mirador. Guatem. 600 a.C. 33. Monte A. México. 500 a.C.
34. Tintal. Guatemala. 400 a.C. 35. Cahuachi. Perú. 400 a.C.
36. Tiahuanaco. Bolivia. 200 a.C.
Lima, 30 de octubre del 2008.
Red de Tareas - Homework Network

Mexico / Prof JML

jueves, 30 de octubre de 2008

The Cyrus Cylinder

Did Cyrus the Persian praise the Jewish God?

The Cyrus Cylinder is an important discovery in the study of Biblical Archaeology because it speaks of Cyrus the Persian and his conquest of Babylon in 539 BC. as mentioned in Scripture.

Cyrus II, the Great was the founder and ruler of the vast Persian Empire from 539 B.C. until his death in 530 B.C. Once Cyrus had defeated the Median king, Astyages and took Ecbatana he expanded his kingdom defeating Croesus, king of Lydia in 546 BC, and then conquered Babylon in 539 BC overthrowing Nabonidus, the last king of Babylon. The Persian Empire was formed.

Cyrus was a generous ruler allowing various captives to return to their homelands, as recorded on the Cyrus Cylinder. Xenophon, Nabonidus and many others gave Cyrus praise for his generous leadership.

Judea had remained a Persian province for the next two hundred years until the time that the Bible records "the decree of Cyrus" giving permission to the Hebrew captives to go back to Jerusalem to rebuild their Temple.Cyrus also restored the vessels of the House of the Lord which Nebuchadnezzar II had taken to Babylon, and provided the funds to bring cedar trees from Lebanon.

"Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: All the kingdoms of the earth the LORD God of heaven has given me.

And He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem which is in Judah. Who is among you of all His people? May the LORD his God be with him, and let him go up!" - 2 Chronicles

"Who says of Cyrus, 'He is My shepherd, And he shall perform all My pleasure, Saying to Jerusalem, "You shall be built," And to the temple, "Your foundation shall be laid." ' - Isaiah

"King Cyrus also brought out the articles of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from Jerusalem and put in the temple of his gods; and Cyrus king of Persia brought them out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah.
This is the number of them: thirty gold platters, one thousand silver platters, twenty-nine knives, thirty gold basins, four hundred and ten silver basins of a similar kind, and one thousand other articles. All the articles of gold and silver were five thousand four hundred.
All these Sheshbazzar took with the captives who were brought from Babylon to Jerusalem." - Ezra 1:7-11

Material - Baked Clay CylinderPersian dynasty
Date: 559-530 BC.
Length: 22.86 cmBabylon, southern Iraq
Excavated by: Robert Koldeway 1899-1914
Location: British Museum, LondonItem: ANE 90920Room 52, Ancient Iran, case 6, no. 7
British Museum Excerpt

Cyrus CylinderBabylonian, about 539-530 BCFrom Babylon, southern Iraq

miércoles, 29 de octubre de 2008

¡Gloria a Dios en las alturas...!

¡Una innegable pasión...
... por las alturas...!


Behistun Rock is found in the Zargos mountains, in northwestern Iran, on an old caravan road that runs from Babylon to Ecbatana, the ancient capitol of Media. The mountain is 1700 feet high and on the sheer face, 300 feet above the base is a huge bas relief commissioned by Darius the Great in 515 BC as a grandiose Ode to his great accomplishments.

Listed are the nations and peoples he conquered and ruled as the king of the Medo-Persian empire.

The picture is accompanied by many large panels which are inscribed with three languages. The size of the whole monument is larger than half a football field; 100 feet high, 150 feet wide. One example of the quality of workmanship that went into the monument is the preparation of the sufaces. Where loose rocks and cracks were found, hot lead was added as a stabilizer or fill. At 300 plus feet! !

Sir Henry C. Rawlinson, shown working on a ladder in the sketch below, is mainly responsible for the decipherment of the inscriptions. It's interesting that Rawlison accomplished the feat of scaling the rock face while copying the inscriptions, and in 1840 deciphering the texts, all by the age of thirty!

The text contains many references that link Darius' subjects with the Israelites. The name "Kana", which is Canaan, appears 28 times. We also have a man named "Sarocus the Sacan who wears a hebrew hat. Included in the nations listed is the Sakka. The term Sakka in Persian and Elamite becomes Gimri in Babylonian. Let me add here that Assyrian and Babylonian are virtually the same. We'll be hearing a lot more from the Gimri when we look at the Assyrian Tablets evidence.

In the picture we see King Darius facing nine captives, which are secured by the neck with a rope. A tenth is under the King's foot. Each of these men is differently dressed.

Across the bottom and up one side are many panels containing the story of Darius' conquests. There is also a large section of supplementary text.
The Behistun Rock inscriptions are confirmed in two other places: Darius' tomb, and a gold tablet. The gold tablet again mentions the conquering of the Sakka, while the tomb inscription expands the evidence by talking about three different kinds of Sakka. In all cases, the same name in Babylonian was Gimri.

I'll skip ahead a bit to tell you that the Sakka comes from Isaac and becomes Saxon. Gimri comes from Khumri(out of the Biblical name Omri) and goes through Gimmira and the Greek Kimmerioi to Cimmerian.
We'll find that almost all those names we learned in European history are traceable to the Sakka, Gimri and Scythians. - Behistun Rock.



El acantilado de Behistun (The rock of Behistun)


El Acantilado de Behistun (The Rock of Behistun)

martes, 28 de octubre de 2008

The Safavid bridge at Behistun

The Safavid bridge at Behistun

Heracles at Behistun

The Statue of Heracles at Behistun (Iran)

La Escritura

El Nacimiento de la Escritura
La escritura apareció hace poco más de 5,000 años.
(Five thousand years ago)

Los antiguos chinos consideraban a la escritura
como un medio sagrado de comunicarse con los
espíritus divinos y con sus antepasados reales.
Aristóteles decía de la escritura,

''Son los sìmbolos de las palabras habladas''

En el siglo XVIII el filósofo francés Voltaire afirmaba,
''La escritura es la pintura de la voz''

Los lingüistas modernos, dicen,
''La escritura es un sistema de comunicación humana por medio de signos
establecidos convencionalmente y que representan un lenguage''.
Las raíces de la escritura brotan de la necesidad de almacenar información, reforzando así la memoria, y de comunicarla a una distancia superior a la que alcanza la voz humana.

Unusual bicycles

Auto de madera

Las Carabelas de Colon