sábado, 15 de mayo de 2010

How to Be a Reporter or Citizen journalist and help your country

How to Be a Citizen Reporter
Edited bydanica janae and 16 others 
Did you ever tell somebody about something that happened at work or school today? If so, you were reporting that event. Being a reporter is simply getting one's facts straight and telling a story that's of broad, general interest.
  1. 1
    Improve your communication skills. To be a good reporter, you will need to readwrite,speak and listen. You will need to be able to ask good questions
  2. 2
    Read, watch and follow the news. Notice how stories are done. Notice what makes a good story and what doesn't. What would you like to see done better? What seems to be empty sensationalism?
  3. 3
    Keep a notebook and/or a journal. Practice noting what happens.
  4. 4
    Strive for accuracy and neutrality in any story you report. Try to cover both sides of an issue if something is contentious.
  5. 5
    Record the facts of any story. Don't assume and never make up details. Reporters are supposed to seek and report the facts. Lying, making up stories or quotes or misquoting someone will damage your credibility.
    • If someone tells you the fact you can report it as a quote. That way, if someone opposes the fact they aren't opposing the accuracy of your writing but about the person who spoke about the topic.
  6. 6
    Avoid personal opinions. As a reporter your job is to report the facts so others can create their own opinion. Make sure you are recording the factual details of any news story and tell those facts without including your personal viewpoint. Once you start giving your opinion it becomes an editorial.
  7. 7
    Decide which media mediums you'd like to work with. You could focus on written news, televised news, internet news or radio news. You can focus on one and then branch out as you become more experienced. Printed news is an excellent way to get started and how many successful reporters started.
  8. 8
    Begin a story with who, what, when, where, why and how. Build details from there, in order from most important information to least important. By including the most important information first you will allow your editor to trim the back of the story if it runs too long.
  9. 9
    Seek out stories you find interesting. You can report on news stories which involve current events or you can report on feature stories which are usually more general interest.
    • An example of news stories:
      • Information that is time sensitive. If it is relevant today but won't be as interesting next week, next month or next year you should report it as news.
      • Recent government or policy changes
      • Plane crash or particular tragedies
      • Any other topic that is dramatic or alarming
    • An example of feature stories include:
      • Stories about a local figures life and achievements
      • Stories about history or things that have happened in the past
      • Other stories that are interesting or are about interesting people but are not time sensitive. In other words, a feature story may be as interesting today as it will be in a few weeks or next month.
  10. 10
    Start locally. Often, local news has the worst coverage out of any, and just as often, it's the most important. The city council makes decisions every day that affect the entire city.
  11. 11
    Attend events. Did a new park open in town? Is a local club kicking off its summer fundraiser? Be there and publish an account of the event for those who didn't attend.
  12. 12
    Start by writing free-lance. Go to events, research stories, etc. Write the stories and forward those to local media outlets. If it is well written and the story isn't already covered you may get published.
    • If you have good information and their author also has information they can combine details from both and you could share the "Byline" or the reference in the article about who it is by.
    • Interesting feature articles are a great way to start getting published. The media outlet may save these and include them to fill space on a slow news day.
  13. 13
    Go to work for your school newspaper or a small, local paper. Often, these media need more good people. Even if it doesn't pay or doesn't pay well, it's a good way to get your foot in the door.
    • Join a broadcast club or other media club at school. You can learn the television or radio industry and learn how to report news for those.
  14. 14
    Obtain a press pass. This is easiest to do if you can demonstrate your affiliation with a publication of some sort. Press passes won't get you in everywhere, but in many cases, they will get you in the door and better informed than the general public.
  15. 15
    Carry a camera and a tape recorder so that you have them on hand when you need them. Be prepared to turn over your notes. The paper or news outlet may want to fact check your information before publishing it.

Tips

  • If you're serious about journalism, consider doing citizen journalism. Have a blog or a podcast. Write for Wikinews or another wiki.
  • Don't be afraid of "small" stories, especially at first. They are good practice reporting, and they will help you establish your reputation.
  • News reporting today is not a one person operation. Attend a professional school and learn real reporting techniques that can help build a professional image and professional voice. Speaking is a technique that must be practiced and reviewed by a professional. Learning the art of conversational delivery can go a long way toward developing the skills of a professional reporter.
  • Interviewing skills are essential to a reporter's success. There are five interview techniques that can be used in an interview but only one technique usually matches a reporter's style. Using the wrong interview technique can ifte shut down an interview. 
Warnings
Always check your facts. Let people know if they will be quoted, photographed, or tape recorded. It is simply common courtesy. ASK permission to photograph or tape record individuals - some have protection orders or cannot have their faces used due to their jobs. This is also a common courtesy.  
Comment être un journaliste citoyen  
 
http://www.wikihow.com/Be-a-Reporter 

Wiki How * Read more... 
http://www.wikihow.com/Special:GoogSearch?cx=008953293426798287586%3Amr-gwotjmbs&cof=FORID%3A10&ie=UTF-8&q=citizen+journalism&siteurl=www.wikihow.com%2FLearn-Any-Language&siteurl=www.wikihow.com%2FLearn-Any-Language 


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